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Calcium plays an important role in the propagation of neuromuscular activity, regulation of endocrine functions, blood coagulation, and bone and tooth metabolism. Calcium homeostasis is closely regulated by a complex interaction among PTH, serum phosphate, vitamin D system, and target organ.
Empiric daily requirement
Adults: 10 to 30 mEq/day
Infants//children: 0.5 to 3 mEq/kg/day
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